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Impact of Health Education in Raising Community Awareness on Flood Preparedness

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Author(s): Neethu Mary Mathew | Shashi Joyce Soans

Journal: International Journal of Collaborative Research on Internal Medicine & Public Health
ISSN 1840-4529

Volume: 3;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 231;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Awareness | community | education | flood | mitigation | preparedness

ABSTRACT
Background: In India, 168 floods have been reported from 1980-2008, occurring at a frequency of 5.79per year. Karnataka’s total coastline of 280km is often struck, more severely Dakshina Kannada andUdupi coasts. In Udupi District, from April 2009 - April 2010, 14 lives have been lost, 408 hectares ofcrop area and 668 houses were damaged. Because of the causal link between people being aware of ahazard and acting appropriately, an education program will be useful in increasing the resourcefulness ofthe community in the event of a flood.Aims and Objectives:(a) To determine existing awareness about flood preparedness;(b) To significantly increase public awareness of flood risk;(c) To determine impact and effectiveness of health education on the community;(d) To identify any possible risks or vulnerability of the community to the hazards of flood.Methodology: The study subjects chosen (sample size of 55) were the population from flood prone areasof Heroor and Uppoor, Udupi Taluk. They were addressed at their monthly meeting where aquestionnaire was used to assess the community’s vulnerability and concern about the risk of flood, andexisting awareness on flood preparedness measures. Following this, a community flood educationprogram (which included a talk, a Microsoft PowerPoint Presentation, and a short interactive session) wasimplemented. The data has been summarized using proportions. The impact of the intervention has beenanalysed using Paired Sample T Test.Results:(a) The pre-test determined a baseline awareness score of 5.87 (39.2%);(b) The post-test gave an awareness score of 11.62 (77.5%);(c) The improvement was by 5.75 (38.3%) which was found to be statistically significant (p
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