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Impact of Industrial Restructuring on Population Dynamics in the City of Călăraşi

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Author(s): ALINA MARILENA HERCIOG | GABRIEL RĂDULESCU

Journal: Romanian Review of Regional Studies
ISSN 1841-1576

Volume: VII;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 83;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: Industrial restructuring | Industrialization | Urbanization | Migration | Călăraşi

ABSTRACT
The present paper focuses on a geographical study on industrial restructuring of the Călăraşi city, in terms of economic and human potential. To develop this working paper, the physical-geographical aspects of the region were taken into account, mainly economic, social and demographic analyzing the main features of each component. Industrial restructuring phenomenon has been studied in the literature of recent years, especially in the context of a global orientation direction towards tertiary sectors, and regional crises. In this sense, by the process of industrial restructuring in the city of Călăraşi one can understand a decrease in occupancy rates in industry as a percentage of total employees. It is therefore possible to argue that the decrease in the number of employees in industry can simply reflect the share of the industry sector in GDP. Furthermore, the paper analyzes the state of industry in Călăraşi before and after 1989. The industrialization before 1989 had a strong impact on population, in the idea that the evolution of population had a significant boost due to the permanent migration of a significant part of rural population to urban areas. The industry of Călăraşi after 1989 did not register a positive trend, the Romanian revolution signifying the "beginning of the end" for most of the powerful industrial units of the city. However, there is an excellent infrastructure for industrial development in Călăraşi. The analysis showed that Călăraşi is currently a centre polarizing all fields of activity, its attractiveness exceeding its area of direct influence. Nevertheless, due to its location close to the border with Bulgaria, the city of Călăraşi can be characterized as a multi-functional contact centre - "the gate of Romania to the South-East." It is hard to predict, in the current conditions, the future of the city of Călăraşi in terms of economic development.
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