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Impact of past HBV exposure on virological response to combined interferon ribavirin therapy in patients with chronic HCV genotype 4

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Author(s): M. Said | M. S. El-Raziky | M. Abdel-Hamid | Y. Saad | M. Hashem | S. Zakaria | M. K. Mohamed | G. Esmat

Journal: Open Journal of Internal Medicine
ISSN 2162-5972

Volume: 01;
Issue: 02;
Start page: 38;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: HCV Genotype 4 | Past HBV Exposure | Response To Interferon Therapy

ABSTRACT
Aim: is to investigate if past exposure to HBV in chronic HCV infection promotes the progression of liver disease and influences Interferon (INF) response or not. Methods: 185 patients with chronic HCV were recruited and randomized into 2 groups, group I was treated with PEG-IFN alfa-2b plus ribavirin and group II with 3 MU/TIW IFN alfa-2b plus ribavirin. All patients had HBsAg negative & patients had HBc Ab positive tested for HBsAb. Patients with HBc Ab (n = 37) were tested for serum HBV DNA. Pretreatment liver biopsy and Immunohistochemistry was performed for detection of HBsAg and HBcAg using monoclonal antibodies. Demographic and laboratory data were collected. Results: 70/185 (38%) patients had Anti-HBc, 37 (20%) had isolated anti-HBc and none of the 37 subjects with isolated anti-HBc had serum HBV DNA. Sustained Viral Response (SVR) was achieved in 32/70 (46%) and 46/115 (40%) in anti-HBc seropositive and seronegative patients respectively, in conventional IFN group SVR was 37% and 39% in past HBV exposed patients and unexposed respectively, in PEG IFN group SVR was 59% and 41% in past HBV exposed patients and unexposed respectively. Among anti-HBc and anti-HBs seropositive patients SVR was 10/12 [83%] and 4/21 [19%] p = 0.004 in PEG and conventional IFN respectively. Marked fibrosis was diagnosed in 20% past HBV exposed patients versus 10% in unexposed patients (p = 0.01). Conclusion: past HBV exposure promotes the progression of liver disease but has no effect on the SVR to antiviral therapy in chronic HCV genotype 4 patients.
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