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The Impact of Socio-Demographic Variables, Social Support and Child Sex on Mother-Infant and Father-Infant Interaction

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Author(s): Cesar Augusto Piccinini | Jonathan Tudge | Angela Helena Marin | Giana Bitencourt Frizzo | Rita de Cássia Sobreira Lopes

Journal: Revista Interamericana de Psicología
ISSN 0034-9690

Volume: 44;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 382;
Date: 2010;
Original page

ABSTRACT
In this study we examine the impact of family socioeconomic status (SES), of social support as perceived by mothers, and of their three-month-olds child's sex, on mother-infant and father-infant interaction. A total of 58 mothers and 52 fathers were observed interacting with their infants. Univariate Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) revealed several significant differences, particularly regarding maternal behaviors. Mothers from the highest SES level both talked to and interpreted their infants' behavior more than did lowest SES mothers. Social support perceived as unsatisfactory was associated with a greater amount of touch and stimulation during mother-infant interaction and also more infant vocalization. Mothers and fathers tended to talk more to their same-sex infants, and fathers tended to kiss and caress their sons more than they did their daughters. These results suggest particularities in the mother-infant and fatherinfant interaction when the infant was three months old.
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