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Imparting of Polar Research to the 1880’s Public

Author(s): Reinhard Mook

Journal: Nordlit : Tidsskrift i litteratur og kultur
ISSN 1503-2086

Issue: 23;
Start page: 173;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Vitenskapshistorie | nordområdestudier | Polar Year

The International Polar Year 1881/1882 marks a significant change in writing about the Arctic to the middle classes of central Europe. Up to that time many of these reports had been thrilling, dramatizing, and had glorified the own nation. Following the Polar Year, writing gradually became less emotional, more sober, induced by scientific standards. The present paper will call attention to that change.The study is limited to quotations from two contributions printed in Die Gartenlaube, a German family-magazine edited in the years 1853 through 1944. With its six million readers in the 1880's, this magazine may be considered to mirror the tastes and interests of the broad German public. - The general shift in imparting Arctic topics to the public following the Polar Year could be shown on the 10 per cent significance level: That means the change in the attitude to report more matter-of-fact is significant with the probability of 10 per cent of accidentalness.
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