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Implementation of School Based Management in Creating Effective Schools

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Author(s): Teguh Sihono | Rohaila Yusof

Journal: International Journal of Independent Research Studies
ISSN 2226-4817

Volume: 1;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 142;
Date: 2012;
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Keywords: School effectiveness | school management | school performance.

ABSTRACT
School effectiveness refers to the capacity of the schools to maximize its function. It reflects the extent to which the schools can perform their core functions such as technical and economics, human and social, political, culture, and educational. The effectiveness of the schools shows effective school performance in order to improve the quality of education. There are eight models of school effectiveness that places emphasis on each different aspect to the dynamic process of the school in an effective struggle for survival. School Based Management is a form of some formal decision making authority in planning for the schools’ main functional areas such as budget planning, personnel andprograms. The decision making in these areas is delegated to and often distributed among site-level actors. Some formal structure (council, committee, team, board) often composed of principals, teachers, parents and at time, students, and community residents is created so that site participants can be directly involves in wide school decision making. School-based management with sufficient autonomy, ownership and flexibilityin functioning schools can provide the conditions necessary and the dynamic to facilitate the schools to achieve their goals and maximize the effectiveness in the long run.

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