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The importance of extremophile cyanobacteria in the production of biologically active compounds

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Author(s): Drobac-Čik Aleksandra V. | Dulić Tamara I. | Stojanović Dejan B. | Svirčev Zorica B.

Journal: Zbornik Matice Srpske za Prirodne Nauke
ISSN 0352-4906

Volume: 2007;
Issue: 112;
Start page: 57;
Date: 2007;
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Keywords: cyanobacteria | Nostoc | Anabaena | extremophiles | biologically active compounds

ABSTRACT
Due to their ability to endure extreme conditions, terrestrial cyanobacteria belong to a group of organisms known as "extremophiles". Research so far has shown that these organisms posses a great capacity for producing biologically active compounds (BAC). The antibacterial and antifungal activities of methanol extracts of 21 cyanobacterial strains belonging to Anabaena and Nostoc genera, previously isolated from different soil types and water resources in Serbia, were evaluated. In general, larger number of cyanobacterial strains showed antifungal activity. In contrast to Nostoc, Anabaena strains showed greater diversity of antibacterial activity (mean value of percentages of sensitive targeted bacterial strains 3% and 25.9% respectively). Larger number of targeted fungi was sensitive to cultural liquid extract (CL), while crude cell extract (CE) affected more bacterial strains. According to this investigation, the higher biological activity of terrestrial strains as representatives of extremophiles may present them as significant BAC producers. This kind of investigation creates very general view of cyanobacterial possibility to produce biologically active compounds but it points out the necessity of exploring terrestrial cyanobacterial extremophiles as potentially excellent sources of these substances and reveals the most prospective strains for further investigations.
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