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The Importance of Plans in Rural Land Planning

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Author(s): Ion DANCI

Journal: Journal of Settlements and Spatial Planning
ISSN 2069-3419

Volume: 1;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 129;
Date: 2010;
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Keywords: urbanism documentations | legislation | rural settlements

ABSTRACT
This paper approaches the importance and role of urban plans in spatial planning. Generally, these plans have the character of a specific regulation, establishing rules and outlining directives for the development of localities, determining the areas to be built and the areas with no constructions in a certain locality, assigning the functions in localities, thus influencing the development and organization of the territory. Any construction or any investment is made on the basis of such a plan (General Urban Plan, Zonal Urban Plan, and Detailed Urban Plan) following the legislation and the plans for that specific territory at that moment. The wider territorial plans (plans made for the national territory or at a county scale) and the present urban legislation regulate the manner of intervention on a territory through urban plans. However, the urban regulations apply differently according to the specificity of the rural area, taking into account the cultural influences, the traditions, customs, the relief forms, population, etc. (i.e. the General Urban Plan for Săvădisla – Hungarian influences in land planning, the General Urban Plan of Râşca, the General Urban Plan of Unguraş – planning influenced by the landscape). The Zonal Urban Plan and the Detailed Urban Plan are documents that have the role of modifying the regulations of the general urban plan, establishing new requirements for building regime and spatial arrangement (ex. Zonal Urban Plan of Călăţele holiday village - planning of a tourist area), taking into account the area’s specificity and the needs of the community, the territorial offer etc. The urban plans can contribute to the spatial development of a locality by setting the functions and facilities, yet they can also restrict and limit the way in which a rural locality develops.
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