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Improving the control technology against the Lepidoptera feeding on apples under Aiud Fruit Growing Area

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Author(s): Liliana Tomoiaga | Maria Comşa | Teodor Barbat | Anton Comsa

Journal: Scientific Papers of the Research Institute for Fruit Growing Pitesti, Romania
ISSN 1584-2231

Volume: XXV;
Start page: 146;
Date: 2009;
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Keywords: Lepidoptera | codling moth | apple | treatments

ABSTRACT
agricultural technique it uses, has been faced lately with significant loss of production particularly due to the attack of some species of Lepidoptera that feed on Malus (e.g. the codling moth – Cydia pomonella, the apple peel moth - Adoxophyes reticulana, the apple leaf miner – Leucoptera malifoliella, the apple pygmy moth - Stigmella malella). This paper contains and interprets data collected between 2006 and 2009, in the fruit tree growing area of Aiud. Its aims are to experiment and improve the technology to fight against the Lepidoptera by testing rational methods, environmentally friendly. Observations were made at the farm No. 10 Aiud belonging to the Research and Development Station of Viticulture and Vinification, Blaj. The research aimed at: monitoring the Lepidoptera in the apple orchards by direct observations, using species-specific pheromone traps and applying mathematical methods of warning, following biological and ecological aspects of Lepidoptera both in field conditions as well as in the laboratory, monitoring the entomofauna, the parasitoids and their role in limiting populations for the codling moth and the apple peel moth; timely implementation of control treatments (when necessary); testing the effectiveness of biological agents used in controlling Lepidoptera; monitoring the treatment efficiency through proper phytosanitary auditing.
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