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Incidence of Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Oskoo (Northwest Iran): An Approach through WHO CVD-risk Management Package for Low–and Medium-Resource Settings on 37,329 Adults ≥30 Years Old

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Author(s): Ahmadali Khalili | Alireza Yaghoubi | Naser Safaie | Karim Eyvazi | Rasoul Azarfarin | Adel Ebrahimzadeh | Azin Alizadehasl | Ghader Safarzadeh | Abbas Farzandan | Amir Zamanzadeh

Journal: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
ISSN 2008-5117

Volume: 3;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 103;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Cardiovascular Disease | Risk Factor | Prevalence | Community-based Study

ABSTRACT
Introduction: The aim of this study was to determine incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors [hypertension (HTN), obesity, Dyslipidemia (DLP), diabetes mellitus (DM) and smoking] in Oskoo. Methods: This study was planned according to WHO protocol “WHO CVD-risk management package for low and medium-resource settings” and named “East Azerbaijan healthy heart program”. The pilot study of this program was done in Oskoo in 2007-2009. In this study, demographic data and CVD risk factors of 37,329 adults aged ≥30 years old living in Oskoo were collected. In addition, blood samples of 17,388 adults ≥40 years old were taken (free of charge) for assessment of serum glucose and lipid profile. Results: The study covered 93.52% of Oskoo town population aged≥30 years old. We studied 18637 male (91.50% coverage) and 18692 female (95.52% coverage) participants. The incidence of HTN [SBP≥140 & DBP≥90 mmHg] was 16.25% (M:15.08%, F:17.29%), pre-hypertension [SBP=120-139 & DBP=80-89 mmHg] =37.78% (M:41.38%, F:34.18%), DM [fast blood glucose (FBS)≥126mg/dl] was 7.45% (M:6.35%, F:8.54%), smoking was 9.40% (M:17.00%, F:1.57%), hypercholesterolemia (>200mg/dl) was 47.64% (M:42.46%, F:52.81%) and obesity [body mass index (BMI) ≥27] was 50.47% (M:38.79%, F:62.09%). Conclusion: Considering high incidence of CVD risk factors (except smoking) in Oskoo adults ≥30 years, it is recommended that this pilot study expanded to all of East Azerbaijan. Free of charge taking blood samples from people ≥ 40 years to evaluate lipid profile and glucose levels is worthy to early detecting the prevalent DM or DLP in this target population.
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