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Incidence of Leptospirosis in Mazandaran Province, North of Iran: A One Year Survey

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Author(s): R. Esmaeili | A. Hesamzadeh | R. Alizadeh-Navaei | M.H. Haghshenas | F. Alhani

Journal: Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
ISSN 1028-8880

Volume: 12;
Issue: 19;
Start page: 1330;
Date: 2009;
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Keywords: zoonosis | Leptospirosis | incidence

ABSTRACT
The aim of this study was to provide the first report of incidence of leptospirosis and to determine the epidemiology of this zoonotic disease in Mazandaran Province, North of Iran. In the period of one year, from April 2007 to April 2008, forty seven confirmed reports of human cases of leptospirosis was received by Mazandaran Health Centre from local hospitals and leptospirosis laboratory. The annual incidence rate for the total population was 1.6 per 100,000 person-year. The majority of cases were males (84.1%). The maximum number of cases was seen to occur between 40 and 59 years of age. Seasonal outbreak of leptospirosis was seen in summer (70.3%). Farmers (57.4%) more frequently affected by disease than other occupations. In conclusion, it is necessary for medical practitioner to pay attention to leptospirosis in farmers during summer season.
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