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Incidence and Risk Factors of Workplace Violence on Nursing Staffs Caring for Chronic Psychiatric Patients in Taiwan

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Author(s): Wen-Ching Chen | Yu-Hua Sun | Tsuo-Hung Lan | Hsien-Jane Chiu

Journal: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
ISSN 1660-4601

Volume: 6;
Issue: 11;
Start page: 2812;
Date: 2009;
Original page

Keywords: workplace violence | incidence | nursing staff | risk factor | psychiatry

ABSTRACT
This one-year follow-up study determined the incidence and risk factors of workplace violence against nursing staff in a psychiatric hospital. The cohort members had a website to report events whenever they came across violence. A total of 971 events were reported. The incidence rates of physical violence, verbal abuse, bullying/mobbing, sexual harassment, and racial harassment were 1.7, 3.7, 0.2, 0.3, and 0 per staff-year, respectively. Young age, female sex, lower education, shorter duration of employment, and high level of anxiety of staff seemed to be the determinants of violence. Pre-placement education should focus on these staff to reduce workplace violence.
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