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Indian research on disaster and mental health

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Author(s): Kar Nilamadhab

Journal: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
ISSN 0019-5545

Volume: 52;
Issue: 7;
Start page: 286;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: Disaster | India | Mental health | Research

ABSTRACT
The primary source for this annotation on disaster mental health research is the Indian Journal of Psychiatry. Key words like disasters, earthquake, cyclone, tsunami and flood were searched from its electronic database and relevant articles are discussed. The cross-referenced articles and relevant researches conducted on disasters in India which are published elsewhere were the secondary sources of information. There have been many epidemiological studies and only a few interventional studies on disasters in India. Prevalence figures of psychiatric disorders varied considerably across studies, secondary to nature and severity of disaster, degree of loss, support available and probably also due to the study methodology. Suggestions for intervention included pre-disaster planning, training of disaster workers, utilization of community-level volunteers as counselors, and strengthening existing individual, social and spiritual coping strategies. There is a need for more longitudinal follow-up studies and interventional studies.
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