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Indian research on suicide

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Author(s): Vijayakumar Lakshmi

Journal: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
ISSN 0019-5545

Volume: 52;
Issue: 7;
Start page: 291;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: Suicide | India | Risk factors

ABSTRACT
The suicide rate in India is 10.3. In the last three decades, the suicide rate has increased by 43% but the male female ratio has been stable at 1.4 : 1. Majority (71%) of suicide in India are by persons below the age of 44 years which imposes a huge social, emotional and economic burden. Fifty four articles on suicides have been published in IJP. Several studies reveal that suicidal behaviours are much more prevalent than what is officially reported. Poisoning, hanging and self immolation (particularly women) were the methods to commit suicide. Physical and mental illness, disturbed interpersonal relationships and economic difficulties were the major reasons for suicide. The vulnerable population was found to be women, students, farmers etc. A social and public health response in addition to a mental health response is crucial to prevent suicidal behaviour in India.
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