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Individual Level Injection History: A Lack of Association with HIV Incidence in Rural Zimbabwe

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Author(s): Lopman Ben A | Garnett Geoff P | Mason Peter R | Gregson Simon

Journal: PLoS Medicine
ISSN 1549-1277

Volume: 2;
Issue: 2;
Date: 2005;
Original page

Keywords: HIV/AIDS

ABSTRACT
Background It has recently been argued that unsafe medical injections are a major transmission route of HIV infection in the generalised epidemics of sub-Saharan Africa. Methods and Findings We have analysed the pattern of injections in relation to HIV incidence in a population cohort in Manicaland in a rural area of Zimbabwe. In Poisson regression models, injections were not found to be associated with HIV in males (rate ratio = 0.33; 95% confidence interval: 0.07 to 1.46) or females (rate ratio = 1.04; 95% confidence interval: 0.59 to 1.85). Conclusion It is important that unsafe medical injections can be confidently excluded as a major source of HIV infection. In rural Zimbabwe the evidence is that they can.
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