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Indonesian Labour Migration: Issues and Challenges

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Author(s): Aswatini Raharto

Journal: International Journal of Multicultural Societies
ISSN 1817-4574

Volume: 9;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 219;
Date: 2007;
Original page

Keywords: Indonesian labour migration | labour migration | Asia migration

ABSTRACT
Historically, Indonesian labour migration to other countries has beentaking place since the Dutch and Japanese colonial periods, inunregulated as well as government-regulated movements. AfterIndonesia gained its independence in 1945, labour migration from thecountry continued as a spontaneous movement. In 1977 theIndonesian Government announced regulations to recruit Indonesiansto work overseas, and in 1979 started to encourage the sending ofinternational migrant workers overseas. This paper examines issueson international labour migration from Indonesia. It is argued thateven though Indonesia is one of the most important labour-exportingcountries in Southeast Asia, it is still facing major problems inbenefiting from globalisation and a deregulated global labour market.Most Indonesian workers deployed overseas are uneducated andunskilled. Indonesia is also still facing problems in controllingirregular labour migrants and protecting its migrant workers.

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