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Indoor localization based on cellular telephony RSSI fingerprints containing very large numbers of carriers

Author(s): Oussar Yacine | Ahriz Iness | Denby Bruce | Dreyfus Gérard

Journal: EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking
ISSN 1687-1472

Volume: 2011;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 81;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Abstract A new approach to indoor localization is presented, based upon the use of Received Signal Strength (RSS) fingerprints containing data from very large numbers of cellular base stations--up to the entire GSM band of over 500 channels. Machine learning techniques are employed to extract good quality location information from these high-dimensionality input vectors. Experimental results in a domestic and an office setting are presented, in which data were accumulated over a 1-month period in order to assure time robustness. Room-level classification efficiencies approaching 100% were obtained, using Support Vector Machines in one-versus-one and one-versus-all configurations. Promising results using semi-supervised learning techniques, in which only a fraction of the training data is required to have a room label, are also presented. While indoor RSS localization using WiFi, as well as some rather mediocre results with low-carrier count GSM fingerprints, have been discussed elsewhere, this is to our knowledge the first study to demonstrate that good quality indoor localization information can be obtained, in diverse settings, by applying a machine learning strategy to RSS vectors that contain the entire GSM band.
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