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Induction of Apoptosis in Human Breast Adenocarcinoma Cells MCF-7 by Monapurpyridine A, a New Azaphilone Derivative from Monascus purpureus NTU 568

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Author(s): Li-Chuan Hsu | Ya-Wen Hsu | Yu-Han Liang | Chia-Ching Liaw | Yao-Haur Kuo | Tzu-Ming Pan

Journal: Molecules
ISSN 1420-3049

Volume: 17;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 664;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: Monascus purpureus NTU 568 | azaphilone | monapurpyridine A | cytotoxicity | apoptosis

ABSTRACT
A new azaphilonidal derivative, monapurpyridine A (MPA), has recently been isolated from the fermented products of Monascus purpureus NTU 568. The structure of MPA was elucidated by nuclear magnetic resonance (1H-NMR, 13C-NMR, COSY, HMQC, and HMBC) and other spectroscopic analyses. Biological evaluation revealed that MPA could induce cell death in human breast adenocarcinoma cells MCF-7, and it has no significant toxicity to normal mammary epithelial cells M10. The MTT assay and flow cytometric analysis were employed to investigate cell viability and cell cycle influenced by MPA. Moreover, we used Western blot and caspase activity assay to demonstrate the activation of caspase-3, -8 and -9 resulted from MPA. All evidence supported that MPA was suitable for developing into a chemotherapeutic or chemopreventive agent against breast cancer.
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