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Induction maintenance concept for HAART as initial treatment in HIV infected infants

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Author(s): Ghosh S | Neubert J | Niehues T | Adams O | Morali-Karzei N | Borkhardt A | Laws HJ

Journal: European Journal of Medical Research
ISSN 2047-783X

Volume: 16;
Issue: 6;
Start page: 243;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: HIV | HAART | anti HIV agents | infants | viral load

ABSTRACT
Abstract Background Early initiated antiretroviral therapy (ART) in HIV infected infants leads to improved long-term viral suppression and survival. Guidelines recommend initiating therapy with a triple ART consisting of two nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) and either one additional non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) or a protease inhibitor (PI). Compared to older children and adults, viral relapse is seen more frequently in infants receiving triple ART. We now address the possibility of a more potent ART with a quadruple induction and triple maintenance therapy. Methods We examine the longitudinal course in four HIV infected infants, who were referred from other centers and could not be recruited to multicentre trials. We introduced ART initially consisting of two NRTIs, one NNRTI and one PI and later discontinued the PI at the age of 12 months maintaining a triple regime consisting of two NRTIs and one NNRTI. Results Provided that therapy adherence was maintained we observed an effective sustained decline of viral load and significant CD4 cell reconstitution even after switching to a triple regime. No drug associated toxicity was seen. Conclusion We suggest that a four drug therapy might be a possible initial therapy option in HIV infected infants, at least in those with a high viral load, followed by a maintenance triple regime after 12 months of therapy.
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