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INDUCTION OF SYSTEMIC RESISTANCE BY BIOCONTROL AGENTS AGAINST BACTERIAL BLIGHT OF COTTON CAUSED BY XANTHOMONAS CAMPESTRIS PV. MALVACEARUM

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Author(s): Vinay B. Raghavendra | Lokesh Siddalingaiah | Nagesh K. Sugunachar | Chandra Nayak | Niranjana S. Ramachandrappa

Journal: ESci Journal of Plant Pathology
ISSN 2306-1650

Volume: 2;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 59;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: Cotton | Xanthomonas campestris pv. malvacearum | bioagents | induced systemic resistance | defense enzymes

ABSTRACT
Bioagents such as Trichoderma harzianum, Pseudomonas fluorescens and Bacillus subtilis were isolated from cotton rhizosphere soil and tested individually for their effectiveness in controlling bacterial blight of cotton caused by Xanthomonas campestris pv. malvacearum (Xcm). Talc based formulations were prepared and used for seed treatment at different concentrations for assessing their ability to stimulate plant growth and to control bacterial blight disease. Among bioagents, P. fluorescens and T. harzianum proved to be effective in controlling disease under field conditions.  Other than direct action, these bioagents triggered the defense related enzymes involved in synthesis of phenols. Higher activity of peroxidase, phenylalanine ammonia-lyase, polyphenol oxidase and b-1,3-glucanase was observed in P. fluorescens and T. harzianum treated cotton plants after challenge inoculation with Xcm. Seed treatment with these bioagents enhanced the seed germination and growth parameters against blight disease and they also induced systemic resistance in plant for defense mechanisms. 
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