Academic Journals Database
Disseminating quality controlled scientific knowledge

Inflammation-Related Carcinogenesis and Prevention in Esophageal Adenocarcinoma Using Rat Duodenoesophageal Reflux Models

ADD TO MY LIST
 
Author(s): Takashi Fujimura | Katsunobu Oyama | Shozo Sasaki | Koji Nishijima | Tomoharu Miyashita | Tetsuo Ohta | Koichi Miwa | Takanori Hattori

Journal: Cancers
ISSN 2072-6694

Volume: 3;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 3206;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: inflammation-metaplasia-adenocarcinoma sequence | Barrett’s esophagus | duodenogastroesophageal reflux | chemoprevention for esophageal adenocarcinoma | antireflux surgery | proton pump inhibitors | nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs | selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors | thioproline

ABSTRACT
Development from chronic inflammation to Barrett’s adenocarcinoma is known as one of the inflammation-related carcinogenesis routes. Gastroesophageal reflux disease induces regurgitant esophagitis, and esophageal mucosa is usually regenerated by squamous epithelium, but sometimes and somewhere replaced with metaplastic columnar epithelium. Specialized columnar epithelium, so-called Barrett’s epithelium (BE), is a risk factor for dysplasia and adenocarcinoma in esophagus. Several experiments using rodent model inducing duodenogastroesophageal reflux or duodenoesophageal reflux revealed that columnar epithelium, first emerging at the proliferative zone, progresses to dysplasia and finally adenocarcinoma, and exogenous carcinogen is not necessary for cancer development. It is demonstrated that duodenal juice rather than gastric juice is essential to develop esophageal adenocarcinoma in not only rodent experiments, but also clinical studies. Antireflux surgery and chemoprevention by proton pump inhibitors, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors, green tea, retinoic acid and thioproline showed preventive effects on the development of Barrett’s adenocarcinoma in rodent models, but it remains controversial whether antireflux surgery could regress BE and prevent esophageal cancer in clinical observation. The Chemoprevention for Barrett's Esophagus Trial (CBET), a phase IIb, multicenter, randomized, double-masked study using celecoxib in patients with Barrett's dysplasia failed to prove to prevent progression of dysplasia to cancer. The AspECT (Aspirin Esomeprazole Chemoprevention Trial), a large multicenter phase III randomized trial to evaluate the effects of esomeprazole and/or aspirin on the rate of progression to high-grade dysplasia or adenocarcinoma in patients with BE is now ongoing.
Why do you need a reservation system?      Affiliate Program