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The influence of ageing on the morphological and optical properties of thin TPD films

Author(s): Trifunović Saša B. | Miličević Dejan S. | Mićić Maja M. | Mudrinić Tihana M. | Suljovrujić Edin H.

Journal: Hemijska Industrija
ISSN 0367-598X

Volume: 65;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 9;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: physical vapor deposition | substrate morphology | thin films

This paper presents the influence of ageing on the morphological and optical properties of TPD (N, N’ - Bis (3 - methylphenil) - N, N’ diphenylbenzidine) thin films. Understanding of the nucleation mechanism and growth dynamics of molecular thin films is pivotal for controlling their morphology and the film interfacial properties, while the influence of ageing is essential for the potential commercial utilization. Initially, thin films were prepared using a combinatorial physical vapour deposition (CPVD) method, following a cosine-like distribution profile of thickness along monocrystal silica substrate. Morphology of thin films was investigated by using optical (OM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). The link between optical properties and the resulting thin film morphology was made by spatially correlated morphological (AFM and OM) and optical (absorption and photoluminescence) measurements. The changes in the absorption and photoluminescence spectra are strongly connected to the ageing-induced changes in the microstructure of thin films. Regardless of morphological and differences in the film thickness (two orders of magnitude), all films show amorphous arrangement just after the deposition. Ageing of these films in regular atmosphere conditions results in morphological and changes in optical properties induced by the crystallization. The crystallization of initially amorphous samples was also confirmed by the differentional scanning calorimetry (DSC) measurements. All results indicate the limited possibility of using TPD films in organic electroluminescent devices.
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