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The Influence of Domestic Overload on the Association between Job Strain and Ambulatory Blood Pressure among Female Nursing Workers

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Author(s): Luciana Fernandes Portela | Lucia Rotenberg | Ana Luiza Pereira Almeida | Paul Landsbergis | Rosane Harter Griep

Journal: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
ISSN 1660-4601

Volume: 10;
Issue: 12;
Start page: 6397;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: blood pressure | ambulatory | job strain | women | work | gender | health

ABSTRACT
Evidence suggests that the workplace plays an important etiologic role in blood pressure (BP) alterations. Associations in female samples are controversial, and the domestic environment is hypothesized to be an important factor in this relationship. This study assessed the association between job strain and BP within a sample of female nursing workers, considering the potential role of domestic overload. A cross-sectional study was conducted in a group of 175 daytime workers who wore an ambulatory BP monitor for 24 h during a working day. Mean systolic and diastolic BP were calculated. Job strain was evaluated using the Demand-Control Model. Domestic overload was based on the level of responsibility in relation to four household tasks and on the number of beneficiaries. After adjustments no significant association between high job strain and BP was detected. Stratified analyses revealed that women exposed to both domestic overload and high job strain had higher systolic BP at home. These results indicate a possible interaction between domestic overload and job strain on BP levels and revealed the importance of domestic work, which is rarely considered in studies of female workers.
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