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The Influence of Inflow Condition on the Generation of Tumbling Flow Using Detached Eddy Simulation

Author(s): Mhmed Mouqallid | Elhoussin Affad | Mustapha Mahdaoui | Abdelouahad Ait msaad

Journal: Advances in Molecular Imaging
ISSN 2161-6728

Volume: 04;
Issue: 01;
Start page: 34;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: Aerodynamics | Cycle to Cycle Variations | Detached Eddy Simulation | Tumble

One of the objectives of car manufacturers is to improve engine performance, reduce consumption reduce emissions. To achieve this objective, it is important to understand the phenomena involved in the combustion chambers of engines. These phenomena are numerous and complex in nature such: the aerodynamics, fuel-air mixture, turbulence, combustion and the cycle to cycle instabilities that cause more problems. One of the factors responsible for the phenomenon of cycle to cycle variations is the instability of the characteristics of the vortex flow Tumble. This instability may be due to changes in initial conditions. This study is achieved in order to contribute in a better understanding of engine flow by using a Detached Eddy Simulation Shear-Stress Transport (DES SST) model, which is a hybrid RANS/LES model. These simulations have been performed with the commercial CFD (computational fluid dynamic) code (FLUENT) coupled with our own development based on UDF facilities given by FLUENT. To explore the suitability of the 3D DES STT to simulate the internal flow, the calculation is performed for a model tumbling flow at constant volume. This flow has been measured in an experimental set up and measurements are used to initiate and to validate simulations. For this case study, we consider simplified engine geometry. To generate tumbling motion, we use non-reacting DES with a single cycle (SC) strategy. Also, with this strategy we study the effect of initial conditions on the instabilities that accompany a vortex type tumble.
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