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The influence of occupational stress factors on the nicotine dependence: a cross sectional study

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Author(s): Schmidt Anna | Neumann Melanie | Wirtz Markus | Ernstmann Nicole | Staratschek-Jox Andrea | Stoelben Erich | Wolf Jürgen | Pfaff Holger

Journal: Tobacco Induced Diseases
ISSN 1617-9625

Volume: 8;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 6;
Date: 2010;
Original page

ABSTRACT
Abstract Objective This study analyses the association between occupational stress factors and nicotine dependence. Our hypothesis is that occupational stress factors increase nicotine dependence. Methods Data were taken from the Cologne Smoking Study, a case-control study that examines which genetic/psychosocial factors lead to a higher risk for smokers to suffer from cardiac infarction, lung cancer and/or to become addicted to nicotine. Our sample consisted of N = 197 currently smoking and employed participants. Nicotine dependence was measured using the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND). The extent of the stress factors experienced at work was assessed using the Effort-Reward Imbalance scale (ERI). Logistic regression was used for the statistical analysis. Results Contrary to our hypothesis, the results show that occupational stress factors are actually associated with lower levels of nicotine dependence (N = 197; adjusted OR = 0.439; p = .059). Conclusions One possible explanation for the study's findings is that the participants have a heavy workload and can only smoke in their spare time. Another reason may be workplace smoking bans. Furthermore, the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence is unable to examine nicotine dependence during working hours.

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Tangokurs Rapperswil-Jona

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