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Ingeri tantsupärimuse allikad ja tantsude üldpilt

Author(s): Juha-Matti Aronen

Journal: Mäetagused. Hüperajakiri
ISSN 1406-992X

Volume: 49;
Start page: 35;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: Ingrian Finnish dance culture | quadrille | röntyskä | sources

The purpose of this article is to introduce different sources of information and materials available about Ingrian Finnish traditional dances. By comparing them it is possible to find out what and how was danced in Ingria. The second part of the article analyses the most typical dances and dance types. Information about the dances is collected and the research is conducted aiming at the reconstruction of dances so that they could be danced again by younger generations of Ingrian Finns. Before the World War II, the Ingrian tradition was collected and published as a part of Finnish culture but after the war it was ignored for a long time. In addition to Finland, dances were published in Estonia and Karelia and some fieldwork was doneamong the Ingrian Finns who had moved to Sweden. In Ingrian tradition, singing and dancing are close together and that is why quite a lot of information about dances can be found in song publications. The most important researchers and writers are AskoPulkkinen, Viola Malmi, Ingrid Rüütel, Pirkko-Liisa Rausmaa and Anneli Asplund. Dance types in Ingrian tradition:1. Old metrical song dance in which old songs are performed by dancing in a chain, circle, lines or alone without partner. There is information about even younger dance elements as in contra dances to be used together with old metrical runo songs.2. Röntyskäs in Northern Ingria. In them two couples dance at the same time.3. Figures accompanied by new folk songs with rhymes. Other couples are standing in a circle and the dance grows clockwise as a progression.4. A few dances that have been popular all over Finland (weaving, couples dances) and ring games.5. Lancier quadrille and newer couples dances as Pas d’Espagne, Vengerka, Krakoviak and waltzes.6. Quadrille’s variants in Ingria are pretty similar to Northern Russian quadrille.

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