Academic Journals Database
Disseminating quality controlled scientific knowledge

Inhaled Nitric Oxide in preterm infants: a systematic review and individual patient data meta-analysis

ADD TO MY LIST
 
Author(s): Askie Lisa | Ballard Roberta | Cutter Gary | Dani Carlo | Elbourne Diana | Field David | Hascoet Jean-Michel | Hibbs Anna | Kinsella John | Mercier Jean-Christophe | Rich Wade | Schreiber Michael | Srisuparp Pimol | Subhedar Nim | Van Meurs Krisa | Voysey Merryn | Barrington Keith | Ehrenkranz Richard | Finer Neil

Journal: BMC Pediatrics
ISSN 1471-2431

Volume: 10;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 15;
Date: 2010;
Original page

ABSTRACT
Abstract Background Preterm infants requiring assisted ventilation are at significant risk of both pulmonary and cerebral injury. Inhaled Nitric Oxide, an effective therapy for pulmonary hypertension and hypoxic respiratory failure in the full term infant, has also been studied in preterm infants. The most recent Cochrane review of preterm infants includes 11 studies and 3,370 participants. The results show a statistically significant reduction in the combined outcome of death or chronic lung disease (CLD) in two studies with routine use of iNO in intubated preterm infants. However, uncertainty remains as a larger study (Kinsella 2006) showed no significant benefit for iNO for this combined outcome. Also, trials that included very ill infants do not demonstrate significant benefit. One trial of iNO treatment at a later postnatal age reported a decrease in the incidence of CLD. The aim of this individual patient meta-analysis is to confirm or refute these potentially conflicting results and to determine the extent to which patient or treatment characteristics may explain the results and/or may predict benefit from inhaled Nitric Oxide in preterm infants. Methods/Design The Meta-Analysis of Preterm Patients on inhaled Nitric Oxide (MAPPiNO) Collaboration will perform an individual patient data meta-analysis to answer these important clinical questions. Studies will be included if preterm infants receiving assisted ventilation are randomized to receive inhaled Nitric Oxide or to a control group. The individual patient data provided by the Collaborators will be analyzed on an intention-to-treat basis where possible. Binary outcomes will be analyzed using log-binomial regression models and continuous outcomes will be analyzed using linear fixed effects models. Adjustments for trial differences will be made by including the trial variable in the model specification. Discussion Thirteen (13) trials, with a total of 3567 infants are eligible for inclusion in the MAPPiNO systematic review. To date 11 trials (n = 3298, 92% of available patients) have agreed to participate. Funding was successfully granted from Ikaria Inc as an unrestricted grant. A collaborative group was formed in 2006 with data collection commencing in 2007. It is anticipated that data analysis will commence in late 2009 with results being publicly available in 2010.
Save time & money - Smart Internet Solutions     

Tango Jona
Tangokurs Rapperswil-Jona