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An Innovative Scheme For Effectual Fingerprint Data Compression Using Bezier Curve Representations

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Author(s): Vani Perumal | Dr. Jagannathan Ramaswamy

Journal: International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security
ISSN 1947-5500

Volume: 6;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 149;
Date: 2009;
Original page

Keywords: Biometrics | Fingerprint | Orientation field | Minutiae points | Ridges | Compression | Bezier curves | Control points | IJCSIS

ABSTRACT
Naturally, with the mounting application of biometric systems, there arises a difficulty in storing and handling those acquired biometric data. Fingerprint recognition has been recognized as one of the most mature and established technique among all the biometrics systems. In recent times, with fingerprint recognition receiving increasingly more attention the amount of fingerprints collected has been constantly creating enormous problems in storage and transmission. Henceforth, the compression of fingerprints has emerged as an indispensable step in automated fingerprint recognition systems. Several researchers have presented approaches for fingerprint image compression. In this paper, we propose a novel and efficient scheme for fingerprint image compression. The presented scheme utilizes the Bezier curve representations for effective compression of fingerprint images. Initially, the ridges present in the fingerprint image are extracted along with their co-ordinate values using the approach presented. Subsequently, the control points are determined for all the ridges by visualizing each ridge as a Bezier curve. The control points of all the ridges determined are stored and are used to represent the fingerprint image. When needed, the fingerprint image is reconstructed from the stored control points using Bezier curves. The quality of the reconstructed fingerprint is determined by a formal evaluation. The proposed scheme achieves considerable memory reduction in storing the fingerprint.
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