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Intelligent Evidence-Based Management for Data Collection and Decision-Making Using Algorithmic Randomness and Active Learning

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Author(s): Harry Wechsler | Shen-Shyang Ho

Journal: Intelligent Information Management
ISSN 2160-5912

Volume: 03;
Issue: 04;
Start page: 142;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Active Learning | Algorithmic Information Theory | Algorithmic Randomness | Evidence-Based Management | Kolmogorov Complexity | P-Values | Transduction | Critical States Prediction

ABSTRACT
We describe here a comprehensive framework for intelligent information management (IIM) of data collection and decision-making actions for reliable and robust event processing and recognition. This is driven by algorithmic information theory (AIT), in general, and algorithmic randomness and Kolmogorov complexity (KC), in particular. The processing and recognition tasks addressed include data discrimination and multilayer open set data categorization, change detection, data aggregation, clustering and data segmentation, data selection and link analysis, data cleaning and data revision, and prediction and identification of critical states. The unifying theme throughout the paper is that of ‚Äúcompression entails comprehension‚ÄĚ, which is realized using the interrelated concepts of randomness vs. regularity and Kolmogorov complexity. The constructive and all encompassing active learning (AL) methodology, which mediates and supports the above theme, is context-driven and takes advantage of statistical learning, in general, and semi-supervised learning and transduction, in particular. Active learning employs explore and exploit actions characteristic of closed-loop control for evidence accumulation in order to revise its prediction models and to reduce uncertainty. The set-based similarity scores, driven by algorithmic randomness and Kolmogorov complexity, employ strangeness / typicality and p-values. We propose the application of the IIM framework to critical states prediction for complex physical systems; in particular, the prediction of cyclone genesis and intensification.
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