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Interactions between HIV infection and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: Clinical and epidemiological aspects

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Author(s): Raynaud Christine | Roche Nicolas | Chouaid Christos

Journal: Respiratory Research
ISSN 1465-9921

Volume: 12;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 117;
Date: 2011;
Original page

ABSTRACT
Abstract Introduction An association between HIV infection and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has been observed in several studies. Objective and methods we conducted a review of the literature linking HIV infection to COPD, focusing on clinical and epidemiological data published before and during widespread highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Results Interactions between HIV infection and COPD appear to be influenced by multiple factors. In particular, the bronchopulmonary tract can be damaged by HIV infection, the immunodeficiency it induces, and the resulting increase in the risk of pulmonary infections. In addition, the prevalence of smoking and intravenous drug use is higher in HIV-infected populations, also increasing the risk of COPD. Before the advent of HAART, respiratory tract infections probably played a major role. Since the late 1990s and the widespread use of HAART, the frequency of opportunistic infections has fallen but new complications have emerged as life expectancy has increased. Conclusion given the high prevalence of smoking among HIV-infected patients, COPD may contribute significantly to morbidity and mortality in this setting.
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