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Interference Mitigation between Ultra-Wideband Sensor Network and Other Legal Systems

Author(s): Bin Li | Zheng Zhou | Weixia Zou | Feng Zhao | Zhuo Li | Dejian Li

Journal: EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking
ISSN 1687-1472

Volume: 2010;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Ultra-wideband impulse radio (UWB-IR) sensor network has intensive military and commercial applications. However, the interference between UWB and other existed networks should be casually investigated. In this paper, we consider interference mitigation in UWB sensors in the context of cognitive radio (CR). Firstly, we suggest a general state transition model to characterize the working states evolution of legal networks, also referred to as primary users (PU). Spectrum sensing, used to identify the state of PU, is formulated as detection of a corresponding state sequence. Maximum posterior probability (MAP) criterion is adopted to perform spectrum sensing. By exploring potential gain of state transitions, detection probability for nearby networks is improved significantly. Subsequently, based on the radius basis function neural network (RBF), we present a novel spectrum sculptor to design UWB waveforms. Attributed to the excellent reconfiguration of RBF, our scheme can produce UWB waveforms tracing available spectrums. The designed waveforms can entirely utilize multiple unoccupied bands to maintain uninterrupted communications. Also, sufficient spectral attenuation can be generated in specific bands to mitigate mutual interference between UWB sensors and other networks. Besides, orthogonal waveforms can be easily derived, which either improves transmission performance or provides a flexible accessing strategy for UWB sensors.
Affiliate Program     

Tango Jona
Tangokurs Rapperswil-Jona