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Internal and External Policy and Legal Challenges in the EU in Achieving a Sustainable, Competitive and Secure Internal Energy Market and the Integration of Electricity from Renewable Energy Sources into the Energy system

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Author(s): Katelijn Van Hende

Journal: Nordisk Miljörättslig Tidskrift
ISSN 2000-4273

Volume: 2011;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 53;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: energy policy | energy law | renewable energy

ABSTRACT
This article assesses the internal and external legal and policy challenges that the EU faces in creating a sustainable, competitive and secure internal energy market. It also examines the EU’s concrete efforts to integrate electricity from renewable energy sources into the energy system. The internal policy objectives of sustainable development, competitiveness and security of supply are interrelated. In order to take concrete action in the energy policy area, it is important that these objectives are consistently applied. This article also analyses the interrelationship between these three policy objectives, as well as their relationship to the objective of integrating electricity from renewable energy sources. Although there are ambiguities in the relationship between the achievement of an internal energy market based on the three internal policy objectives and the integration of electricity from renewable energy sources into the energy system, there is also a clear positive connection with the integration of electricity from renewable energy sources into the energy system. This is, for instance, displayed by: the potential to reduce the dependence on energy imports from primary conventional energy sources; a potential diversification of the energy mix; and new market entrants. The integration of electricity from renewable energy sources into the energy system has a potential role to play as a long‐term policy remedy in the EU’s external energy relations and should receive greater focus in the interface between the internal and the external policy challenges that the EU faces today in establishing a sustainable, competitive and secure internal energy market, since the latter is intended to be consistently applied both internally and externally.

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