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INTERNATIONALISATION STRATEGIES OF SMES IN ALBANIA. THE INFLUENCE OF BUSINESS CLIMATE. DEVELOPMENTS AND PROSPECTS

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Author(s): Prof. Francesco Scalera (corresponding author) | Prof. Esmeralda Uruçi

Journal: International Journal of Economics and Research
ISSN 2229-6158

Volume: 02;
Issue: 04;
Start page: 162;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: Enterprise | Start-up | International Business | Growth | Albania.

ABSTRACT
International competition, that is developing into an increasingly globalized economy, is causing businesses to expand beyond their national borders to safeguard and strengthen their competitive advantage. Thus, the present study, based on observing the Balkan scenario, is going to analyze the Albanian market which, by its geographic proximity, its favourable climatic conditions, the spread of the Italian language, as well as its low labour cost is able to attract the interest of Italian investors. In addition, the work is intended to assess, first, whether the improvement of business climate has helped in a dynamic and innovative development of the Italian entrepreneurship in the area and, secondly, to understand how it has influenced the process of internationalization of Italian firms in the country, through an analysis of their spreading in the area, of the sectors in which their presence has concentrated and of any economic benefit realized. The analysis has been carried out by examining the results of a survey including interviews with the managers of the companies located in Albania, based on ten indicators: Starting a Business, Dealing with Construction Permits, Employing Workers, Registering Property, Getting Credit, Protecting Investors, Paying Taxes, Trading Across Borders, Enforcing Contracts, Closing a Business, the improvement of which may produce beneficial effects on developing local and foreign entrepreneurship in the country.

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