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Intra-operative assessment of biventricular function using trans-esophageal echocardiography pre/post-pulmonary thromboembolectomy in patient with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension

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Author(s): Gadhinglajkar Shrinivas | Sreedhar Rupa | Jayakumar K | Misra Manoranjan | Ganesh S | Panicker Varghese

Journal: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
ISSN 0971-9784

Volume: 12;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 140;
Date: 2009;
Original page

Keywords: Cardiopulmonary bypass | transesophageal echocardiography | thromboembolism

ABSTRACT
Postoperative studies in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTPH) have shown that pulmonary thromboembolectomy (PTE) results in a rapid decrease of right ventricular (RV) size, improvement in the RV systolic function and left ventricular (LV) diastolic function. However, the extent to which the biventricular function recovers immediately after embolectomy in post-cardiopulmonary bypass period is not clear. A 45-year-old male patient was operated for retrieval of thrombus from pulmonary trunk and right pulmonary artery. Intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography (TOE) before surgery revealed signs of RV dysfunction and enlargement. The interventricular septum was seen moving paradoxically during end-systole and early-diastole. E/A ratio on transmitral Doppler flow velocity profile was about 0.63 and S/D ratio on pulmonary venous Doppler profile was 2.25, indicative of LV diastolic dysfunction. After weaning the patient from bypass, navigation on TOE showed marginal recovery of the RV systolic function and abatement of septal paradox to some extent. However, significant improvement was observed in the LV diastolic parameter (normal E/A ratio, S/D ratio of 1.08). We conclude that the geometrically altered LV recovers more than the hypertrophied and hypokinetic RV in a patient with CTPH in the post-bypass period
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