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Intracellular and intercellular compartmentation of carbohydrate metabolism in leaves of temperate gramineae

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Author(s): POLLOCK CHRISTOPHER J. | FARRAR JOHN | KOROLEVA OLGA A. | GALLAGHER JOE A. | TOMOS A. DERI

Journal: Revista Brasileira de Botânica
ISSN 0100-8404

Volume: 23;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 349;
Date: 2000;
Original page

Keywords: Leaf | carbohydrate | compartmentation | mesophyll | vacuole

ABSTRACT
This review considers the importance of compartmentation in the regulation of carbohydrate metabolism in leaves. We draw particular attention to the role of the vacuole as a site for storage of soluble sugars based on sucrose, and discuss briefly their characteristic metabolism. We also point out inconsistencies between the observed properties of vacuoles and the behaviour in vitro of the enzymes of fructan biosynthesis that do not support the hypothesis that the vacuole is the site of synthesis as well as of storage. We also consider compartmentation of carbohydrate metabolism between different cell types, using mainly our studies on leaves of temperate C3 gramineae. Here we present evidence of significant differences in carbon metabolism between epidermis, mesophyll, bundle sheath and vasculature based upon both single-cell sampling and immunolocalisation. The implications of these differences for the control of metabolism in leaves are discussed.
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