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INTRAPERITONEAL MESH PLASTY

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Author(s): FAKHAR ILYAS MALIK

Journal: The Professional Medical Journal
ISSN 1024-8919

Volume: 17;
Issue: 03;
Start page: 360;
Date: 2010;
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Keywords: Incisional hernia | intraperitoneal mesh repair | effective procedure

ABSTRACT
Background: Incisional hernia is a common surgical condition with a reported incidence of 2-11% following laparotomy. Various Modalities of Repair have been advocated but the overall results still remain disappointing. Objective: To evaluate in incisional Hernias theefficacy and safety of Intraperitoneal mesh repair with conventional Polypropylene Mesh. Setting: In CMH Muzaffarabad, CMH Sialkot andPAC Hospital Kamra. Period: From January 2000 to January 2007. Materials & Methods: 90 cases of Incisional hernia with a minimal defect size of 4 inches were included; there was no limitation to age and sex. Patients with Co morbid conditions like Diabetes Mellitus, Hypertension, Bronchial Asthma, and Ischemic Heart Disease etc: were also included if there was no other contraindications for Surgery. Observations were made with regard to duration and ease of the operation, wound complications, hospital stay, recurrence and delayed complications. Results: In our series of 90 patients, Females (92.22%, n= 83) outnumbered males (7.77%, n=7) and the highest incidence was in the 4th decade of life in females and the 3rd decade of life in males. Gynecological operations accounted for 61.44% (n=51) of the index operations. 77.7% (n=70) of patients had a BMI >30. Co morbid Conditions were present in 36.66% (n=33) of patients. The polypropylene mesh placed Intra peritoneal varied from 15×7.5 cm to 30×20 cm. The mean operating time was 60±20 minutes; operating time was extended when the procedure was accompanied by Dermolipectomy 80±10 minutes. 85.55% patients (n=77) attended our follow-up, ranging from 12 months to five years. Method of follow-up in outpatients department (OPD)/Clinics: 71.11%(n=64), by telephonic conversation: 12.22%(n=11). 14.44% (n=13) were lost in follow up. All patients in followup had serial abdominal sonograms at 3, 6, 9 and 12 months postoperatively respectively to evaluate bowel motility, adhesion formation and any locally associated complication. No recurrence was noted in the follow-up group. Conclusions: Historically intraperitoneal Mesh placement of conventional polypropylene has been avoided as it was associated with significant postoperativecomplications. Based on our analysis, we believe that intraperitoneal mesh repair is still an effective option for Incisional hernias, especially in difficult cases and with patients having co morbid conditions. The associated high incidence of complications associated with intraperitoneal mesh placement in the literature were not seen in our experience.
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