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Intraprostatic Botulinum Neurotoxin Type A Injection for Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia:Preliminary Results with a Newly Purified Neurotoxin

Author(s): Yokoyama,Teruhiko | Yamamoto,Yumiko | Suzuki,Tomonori | Oguma,Keiji | Nagai,Atsushi

Journal: Acta Medica Okayama
ISSN 0386-300X

Volume: 66;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 291;
Date: 2012;
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Keywords: botulinum neurotoxin type A | benign prostatic hyperplasia | therapy

Several studies have demonstrated the efficacy of intraprostatic injection of botulinum neurotoxin type A (BoNT/A) against symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). The most commonly used BoNT/A product, Botox®, forms large complexes and composed of neurotoxin (NTX) as well as non-toxic components. We purified NTX lacking non-toxic components. We investigated the efficacy of this newly purified NTX for men with BPH. Ten male patients (mean age, 70.0 years) with BPH received 100 units (prostate volume [PV] <30ml) or 200 units (PV ァ30ml) of NTX injected into the prostate via a minimally invasive outpatient technique. Evaluation included uroflowmetry, postvoid residual urine volume (PVR), PV, and International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) measured at baseline and 1, 3, 6, and 12 months post-treatment. The status of 7 of the 10 patients examined was found to have improved within 1 month of treatment. The mean IPSS decreased from 23.8±7.0 to 16.3±10.3 (p=0.0093) at 1 month, to 14.9±8.2 (p=0.0074) at 3 months, and to 16.9±7.3 (p=0.018) at 12 months. The mean PV decreased from 47.8±21.2 to 39.2±19.5ml (p=0.0076) at 3 months. The PVR improved at 3 and 6 months post-treatment. Intraprostatic NTX injection induces prostate shrinkage and is effective in men with BPH.
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