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Investigation of barriers to clinical practice guideline-recommended pharmacotherapy in the treatment of COPD.

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Author(s): Price L | Billups SJ | Rice MA | Hartsfield C

Journal: Pharmacy Practice
ISSN 1885-642X

Volume: 5;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 74;
Date: 2007;
Original page

Keywords: Pulmonary Disease | Chronic Obstructive | Practice Guidelines | Drug Therapy | Patient Compliance | United States

ABSTRACT
Background: The adoption of clinical practice guideline recommendations for COPD is suboptimal. Determining the barriers to the implementation of these practice guidelines may help improve patient care.Objective: To determine whether barriers to the use of pharmacotherapy according to practice guidelines are related primarily to patient or prescriber factors.Methods: Retrospective cohort study. Members of a health maintenance organization identified as having spirometry-defined COPD ranging from stage II to IV. Electronic medical records were reviewed for documentation of the following: 1) patient affordability issues, 2) history of an adverse drug reaction, 3) history of inefficacy to therapy, and 4) prescription history.Results: A total of 111 medical records were reviewed. There were 51% of patients who had not filled medications that had been prescribed in accordance with guidelines and 43% did not have the guideline recommended medications prescribed in the previous year. Only 4% and 2% of patients had documented inefficacy and affordability issues, respectively. There were no reported cases of adverse drug reactions. Conclusions: This study provides insight to the acceptance of COPD treatment recommendations by patients and providers. Further research is needed to design interventions to reduce barriers and optimize COPD treatment.
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