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The Investigation of effects of simultaneous stimulation of Exteroception and Proprioception on dexterity of 6-7 years old educable children with Down’s syndrome

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Author(s): meysam Mohammadi | Mahdi Abdolvahab | Mohammad Reza Hadian | Gholam Reza Olyaie | Mahmoud Jalili | Hosein Karimi

Journal: Modern Rehabilitation
ISSN 2008-2576

Volume: 2;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 5;
Date: 2008;
Original page

Keywords: Proprioception | Exteroception | Dexterity | Down’s syndrome | Sensory integration

ABSTRACT
Background and aim: Down's syndrome is the most common chrosomal disorder in which the fine and gross motor skills due to lack of proper sensory experience are disturbed. the role of dexterity in Activity of daily living, interaction with environment and independency is quiet crucial in Down's syndrome. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the effects of simultaneous application of exteroceptive and proprioceptive stimuli on the dexterity of 6-7 year old educable children with Down's syndrome.                                                                                                                         Materials and methods: 33 Educable children with Down's syndrome were assigned in three groups (i.e. extercoceptive, proprioceptive, simultaneous application respectively) and participated in this study. In the first group, children received only exteroceptive stimulation for 30 minutes, 3 times a week. Children in the second group received only proprioceptive stimulation in the same period. Children in the third group received both stimulations simultaneously. Dexterity was evaluated through purdue peg bourd test after 5th, 10th, 15th, 20th, 25th, and at 30th sessions.                                                                  Results: Dexterity changes were significantly differed in all 3 groups (p

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