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Investigation of Industrial waste Management in industries Located between Tehran and Karaj Zone in 2009-2010

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Author(s): M. A Karami | M Farzadkia | A Jonidi | R Nabizade | M. R Gohari | M Karimaee

Journal: Iranian Journal of Health and Environment
ISSN 2008-2029

Volume: 4;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 507;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: Waste management | Industrial waste | Tehran – Karaj zone

ABSTRACT
Background and Objectives:  In recent years, poor industrial waste managements have created many crises in human societies. The aim of this study was to investigate industrial waste management located between Tehran and Karaj zone in 2009-2010.Materials and Methods: This study is descriptive and sectional which was done by site visits, (Iranian environmental protection organization)  use of questionnaires, database production and results analysis. The questionnaire consisted of 45 questions mainly about industrial waste; quantity, quality and management. Total number of industries with over 50 personnel's, calculated as 283. Class-weighted sampling was used in which the sample size contained 50 industries.Results: Total generated industrial waste was 123451, kg per day. Major hazardous waste generated in industrial  sections included: chemical and plastic making. About 45.28% of waste generated disposed by private sectors. Landfill with 62% and reuse with 17% were the first and second alternative of common methods for final disposal of solid waste in this zone.Conclusion: In order to reduce hazardous waste generation in this zone, reuse and recovery maximization of the waste must be noted in short-term. In long-term, some industries such as chemical-plastic and electronics which have high rate of hazardous waste production must be replaced with other industries with low rate production, such as wood-cellulose and paper industries.

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