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Investigation of low emission combustors using hydrogen lean direct injection

Author(s): Daniel CRUNTEANU | Robert ISAC

Journal: INCAS Bulletin
ISSN 2066-8201

Volume: 3;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 45;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: low emission combustor | lean direct injection | equivalence ratio | NOx emissions

One of the key technology challenges for the use of hydrogen in gas turbine engines is the performance of the combustion system, in particular the fuel injectors. Tests were conducted to measure the nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions and combustion performance at inlet conditions of 588 to 811 K, 0.4 to 1.4 MPa, and equivalence ratios up to 0.48. All the injectors were based on Lean Direct Injection (LDI) technology with multiple injection points and quick mixing. One challenge to hydrogen-based premixing combustion systems is flashback since hydrogen has a reaction rate over 7 times that of Jet-A.
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