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Investigation of Tinnitus Patients in Italy: Clinical and Audiological Characteristics

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Author(s): Francesco Martines | Daniela Bentivegna | Fabiola Di Piazza | Enrico Martines | Vincenzo Sciacca | Gioacchino Martinciglio

Journal: International Journal of Otolaryngology
ISSN 1687-9201

Volume: 2010;
Date: 2010;
Original page

ABSTRACT
Objective. 312 tinnitus sufferers were studied in order to analyze: the clinical characteristics of tinnitus; the presence of tinnitus-age correlation and tinnitus-hearing loss correlation; the impact of tinnitus on subjects' life and where possible the etiological/predisposing factors of tinnitus. Results. There is a slight predominance of males. The highest percentage of tinnitus results in the decades 61–70. Of the tinnitus sufferers, 197 (63.14%) have a hearing deficit (light hearing loss in 37.18% of cases). The hearing impairment results of sensorineural type in 74.62% and limited to the high frequencies in 58.50%. The tinnitus is referred as unilateral in 59.93%, a pure tone in 66.99% and 10 dB above the hearing threshold in 37.7%. It is limited to high frequencies in 72.10% of the patients with sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) while the 88.37% of the patients with high-frequency SNHL have a high-pitched tinnitus (χ2=66.26;P
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