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Iranian Medicinal Plants for Diabetes Mellitus: A Systematic Review

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Author(s): Ali Akbar Rashidi | Seyyed Mehdi Mirhashemi | Mohsen Taghizadeh | Parisa Sarkhail

Journal: Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
ISSN 1028-8880

Volume: 16;
Issue: 9;
Start page: 401;
Date: 2013;
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Keywords: traditional medicine | medicinal plant | herbal medicine | Diabetes mellitus

ABSTRACT
In the Iranian traditional medicine a significant usage of herbs is promoted for their anti-diabetic activity. The aim of this review to assess the efficacy of glucose lowering effects of medicinal plants cultivated in Iran. An electronic literature search of MEDLINE, Science Direct, EMBASE, Scopus, Web of Science, Cochrane Library Database, Ebsco and Google Scholar from database inception conducted up to May 2012. A total of 85 studies (18 humans and 67 animals) examining 62 plants were reviewed. The quality of Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs) assessed by using the Jadad scale. Among the RCTs studies, the best results in glycemic control was found in Aloe vera, Citrullus colocynthus, Plantago ovata, Silybum marianum, Rheum ribes and Urtica dioica. The majority of plants that have been studied for antidiabetic activity showed promising results. However, efficacy and safety of the most plants used in the treatment of diabetes are not sufficient.
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