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Iron Status of Hill Tribe Children and Adolescent Boys: A Cross Sectional Study at a Welfare Center in Chiang Mai, Thailand

Author(s): Orraya Porniammongkol | Uruwan Yamborisut | Tipakorn Intajak | Prapaisri P. Sirichakwal

Journal: Pakistan Journal of Nutrition
ISSN 1680-5194

Volume: 10;
Issue: 10;
Start page: 903;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) | school children | adolescent | Welfare center | serum ferritin | thalassemia

Iron Deficiency Anemia (IDA) is one of the major public health problems worldwide. High prevalence of anemia has been found in the developing countries, including Thailand. The purpose of this study was to investigate the iron status of 181 hill-tribe school boys who lived in Wat Donchan Welfare Center (DWC), Chiang Mai, Thailand. A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2 groups of children which were divided by age (7-11 years and >11-15 years). Body weight and height of each child were measured. Anthropometric status was classified using CDC 2000 Growth chart reference by Weight for Age (W/A) and Height for Age (H/A). Hemoglobin (Hb) and serum ferritin (Ft) were analyzed as indicators for iron status. Students t-test and Pearson correlation coefficient was used to determine the significant differences and the relationship between the 2 groups or parameters at p

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