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Irritable Bowel Syndrome in Iranian Young Adults: A Survey among Medical Students

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Author(s): Shahryar Semnani | Nafiseh Abdolahi | Gholamreza Roshandel | Sima Besharat | Abbas-Ali Keshtkar | Ali Jabbari | Abdol Reza Fazel | Khodaberd Kalavi | Davood Mozaffari

Journal: Journal of Medical Sciences
ISSN 1682-4474

Volume: 6;
Issue: 6;
Start page: 974;
Date: 2006;
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Keywords: IBS | prevalence | medical students | Iran

ABSTRACT
A cross-sectional study on medical students at the Golestan University of Medical Sciences in Iran was conducted to determine the prevalence of IBS and to assess the symptom subgroups based on the predominant bowel habit. A vaild self report questionnaries based on ROM II criteria was administered to all the medical students. Comparison between groups was assessed using the Chi-square and Fishers Exatct analytical tests. Of 708 questionnaires, 513 complete responses were received (response rate of 87.4%). Fifty (10.6%) subjects reported symptoms consistent with the diagnosis of IBS, predominantly in women. Forty (77.4%) and three (7.1%) were of the constipation-predominant and diarrhea-predominant subgroups, respectively. Six (12.2%) subjects fell into the non-specific IBS subgroup. The mean age of the IBS group was 22.6±2 years. IBS rate was higher in married students (15.2%) than singles (9.7%). There were no significant differences regarding sex, age, marital status and place of residence in the IBS and non-IBS groups. 57.1% (n = 28) of the medical students had consulted their healthcare practitioner for their symptoms. Hospitalization and endoscopic procedures were reported in 3 (6.1%) of cases. Self-medication was reported in 55.1% (n = 27) of subjects. Based on this study, the prevalence of IBS in young Iranian population are higher than previously expected that deserves greater care and further investigation.
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