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Is a strong sense of self-efficacy always beneficial?

Author(s): Thomas VERHAEREN

Journal: Bulletin of the Transilvania University of Bra┼čov. Series VII : Social Sciences and Law
ISSN 2066-7701

Volume: 5;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 193;
Date: 2012;
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Keywords: self-efficacy | motivation | performance.

The concept of self-efficacy, introduced by Albert Bandura, has received a lot of attention in psychological research. This comes as no surprise, as it encompasses a person's beliefs about his or her capabilities to successfully do what is necessary for desired goals, which is a central mechanism in human agency. The concept has been linked to many outcomes (e.g. motivation and performance), almost exclusively yielding positive results. Recently, however, arguments have risen that a strong sense of selfefficacy may not always be as beneficial as presumed until now. In this article, I review the core of the positive literature on self-efficacy and highlight studies that question and oppose the dominance of these positive self-efficacy associations. Implications for future research, emphasizing the need of a different research approach, are mentioned.
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