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Islet protection and amelioration of diabetes type 2 in <i>Psammomys obesus</i> by treatment with cannabidiol

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Author(s): Patlas Natan | Yekhtin Zhanna | Gallily Ruth | Ziv Ehud | Weiss Lola | Raz Itamar

Journal: Journal of Biophysical Chemistry
ISSN 2153-036X

Volume: 02;
Issue: 01;
Start page: 27;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: Cannabidiol | Type 2 Diabetes | Islet Protection | &lt | i&gt | Psammomys obesus&lt | /i&gt

ABSTRACT
Background and purpose: Cannabidiol (CBD), a non-psychoactive component of Cannabis sativa, has been shown by us, to have an anti-inflammatory effect in collagen-induced arthritis in DBA mice and in type 1 diabetes in NOD mice. As inflammation is a process involved in diabetes type 2, we administered CBD to Psammomys obesus (sand rats), a species which develops diabetes type 2 when fed high-energy (HE) diet, to investigate whether we can hinder the development of the disease. Experimental Approach: Male Psammomys obesus were kept on a high energy diet during the experiments. They were treated with CBD (i.p injection, 5 mg/kg, 5 times/week) for 4 weeks and kept (without CBD) for another 29 - 39 days. The weights of the animals as well as blood glucose and plasma insulin levels were determined and the morphology of the pancreatic islets was examined. Key results: CBD significantly reduced blood glucose levels in Psammomys obesus, without effecting body weight. Plasma insulin levels were significantly higher in the CBD-treated group. The most striking effect noted was the marked decrease of the destruction of pancreatic islets and beta cells. Conclusions and implications: CBD partially protects pancreatic islets and beta cells from destruction. CBD lowers significantly the blood glucose level and increases insulin level in Psammomys obesus with diabetes type 2, but does not lead to obesity. As CBD already has been administered to patients for other medical indications we propose its use as a therapeutic agent in diabetes type 2.

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