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Isolation and Characterization of an Antibacterial Peptide Fraction from the Pepsin Hydrolysate of Half-Fin Anchovy (Setipinna taty)

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Author(s): Ru Song | Rong-Bian Wei | Hong-Yu Luo | Dong-Feng Wang

Journal: Molecules
ISSN 1420-3049

Volume: 17;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 2980;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: half-fin anchovy pepsin hydrolysate | isolation | peptide sequence | secondary structure prediction | membrane disruption

ABSTRACT
Enzymatic proteolysis of food proteins is considered a promising method to generate antibacterial peptides. The objective of the present study was to isolate and characterize peptide fraction from the pepsin hydrolysate of half-fin anchovy (Setipinna taty) with antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli. The most active peptide fraction HAHp2-3-I was isolated by a series of chromatographic methods, including Sephadex G-25 chromatography, reverse high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) and Source 5RPC ST. Peptides identification of HAHp2-3-I was carried out using UPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap mass spectrometer. HAHp2-3-I contained five cationic peptides (MLTTPPHAKYVLQW, SHAATKAPPKNGNY, PTAGVANALQHA, QLGTHSAQPVPF and VNVDERWRKL) and three anionic peptides (LATVSVGAVELCY, NPEFLASGDHLDNLQ and PEVVYECLHW). Prediction of peptide secondary structure indicated that these anionic peptides should have extended strand and random coil structures, whereas cationic peptides PTAGVANALQHA and VNVDERWRKL could form alpha helixes. In addition, results of scanning electron microscopy (SEM) revealed that treatment by HAHp2-3-I could cause the morphological changes of E. coli and destruction of the cell integrity via irreversible membrane damage. The results could provide information for investigating the antibacterial model of antibacterial peptides derived from fish protein hydrolysates.
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