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Isolation of Mycobacterium malmoense in the island of Crete, Greece

Author(s): Kourbeti I | Neonakis I | Gitti Z | Spandidos D

Journal: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
ISSN 0255-0857

Volume: 26;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 267;
Date: 2008;
Original page

Keywords: Greece | Mycobacterium malmoense | nontuberculous mycobacteria

Mycobacterium malmoense was isolated from a broncho-alveolar lavage sample of a 73-year-old cancer (small cell lung carcinoma) patient in Crete, representing the first reported case of this pathogen in Greece. The isolate was considered to be a colonizer and the patient did not receive any antimycobacterial treatment while he received chemotherapy to which he responded favourably. No signs of pulmonary infection were noted during the course of his disease. This case provides evidence of the ubiquitous nature of this mycobacterial species, believed until recently to favour cooler climates. We, therefore, propose that the index of suspicion for this pathogen should be raised particularly in patients with underlying immunodeficiency, cancer and chronic lung disease, irrespective of the geographic location.
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