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A Laboratory Epidemiological Outbreak Investigation of Kumri(Cerebrospinal nematodiasis)and use of diethylecarbamazin in treatment of Goat in Banke district of Mid-Western Region of Nepal

Author(s): Kedar Karki

Journal: Veterinary World
ISSN 0972-8988

Volume: 1;
Issue: 6.000;
Start page: 168;
Date: 2008;
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Keywords: Kumri.Seteria-spp.Banke | Nepal | Diethylecarbamezine | Microfilaria | Goat | Mosquito | Culex | Postmonsoon disease.Cerbrospinal nematodiasis | Posterior paralysis | Epidemiology |

Seasonal occurrence (mainly in October-November) of a disease syndrome locally called ‘Kumri’ meaning weak back was observed in goats in Banke and other districts of western Terai in the last few years. Traumatic injury to the lumbar region, nutritional deficiencies and parasitism in the spinal cord were the likely causes considered. Based on the epidemiological pattern viz; seasonal occurrence, clinical symptoms, afebrile condition and local nature of infection, and non response to supplementation of vitamins and minerals, the disease was provisionally diagnosed as cerebrospinal nematodiasis. This has been further substantiated through laboraotry of Seteria spp in cattle in this region, detection of microfilaria in affected goat and treatment response of affected goats with diethylcarbamazine. As adult seteria spp in cattle, Buffalo and microfileria from blood smears of affected goat confirmed the cerebrospinal nematodisease in goat in Nepal. [Veterinary World 2008; 1(6.000): 168-170]
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